How To Sanitize Your RV Fresh Water Tank (Plus How Often You Should Do It)

Yuck! What’s that smell? Well, if you’re in an RV, it could be any number of things… Including your fresh water tank! In this article, we’re going to learn how to sanitize your fresh water tank, why you should do it, and how often it needs to be done.

Let’s get started!

Do You Really Need to Sanitize Your RV Fresh Water Tank?

Bacteria, algae, mold, and mildew can build up in your RV’s fresh water tank and lines. This can cause illness, bad smells, and make your fresh water taste bad.

So no, you don’t have to sanitize your RV water tank, but you probably should. Drinking, showering, brushing your teeth, and cooking with potentially contaminated water and water that smells and tastes bad doesn’t sound like it would make your RV trip very relaxing.

How Often Should You Sanitize Your Fresh Water Tank?

If you’re a full-time RVer, your RV fresh water tank should be sanitized once every six months. To be sure there is no mold, mildew, algae, and bacteria build-up, here are the times and how often you should be cleaning the water tank in your RV for other situations:

How Long Does It Take?

While you may only need a few supplies, you will need about half of a day for a thorough cleaning of the water tank in your RV.

You’ll need time to drain and fill your water tank several times, in addition to letting the cleaning solution sit in your RV fresh water tank and lines for at least five hours and up to ten hours.

Obviously, allowing the cleaning solution to sit for up to ten hours will take the most time, which is why some RVers choose to do this step overnight. Kudos to the person who first thought of doing this step while you sleep!

How to Calculate How Much Bleach You Need for Cleaning Your RV Water Tank

It’s not a great idea to “wing it” when deciding how much bleach to use before sanitizing your RV water tank. Too little and you won’t get rid of algae, bacteria, mold, and mildew. Too much and you could damage the fresh water system and its seals.

A standard guideline is to use ¼ cup of bleach for every 16 gallons of fresh water. Calculate how much you will need for your fresh water tank to be sufficiently sanitized. You may also want to consult your RV manual for any other recommendations by the manufacturer to be sure you’re sanitizing your RV fresh water tank with the correct amount of bleach for your specific RV.

Pro tip: Never pour undiluted bleach into your fresh water tank. Always dilute it with water first. Undiluted bleach will damage your sensitive RV plumbing system. Use a one-gallon jug, pitcher, or small bucket with a spout to mix the bleach and water.

How to Sanitize Your RV Fresh Water Tank in 5 Simple Steps

Before starting, we suggest consulting manufacturer recommendations for how to sanitize your RV fresh water tank if you have any concerns or questions regarding your fresh water system.

Step 1: Turn Off Your Water Heater

Turning off your water heater ensures that you will not be heating up the bleach solution which could cause damage to the hot water tank.

Photo Credit: Jeannie Dees

Step 2: Drain Your RV Fresh Water Tank and Hot Water Tank

Under your RV there is a fresh water drain with a valve. Open the valve and drain all the remaining water from your fresh water tank. Do the same for your hot water tank based on the manufacturer’s instructions.

Close both valves once all the water has drained from your fresh water tank and hot water tank.

If, for some reason, you choose not to sanitize your hot water tank, be sure to switch the bypass valve so no water can run through the tank while you’re sanitizing it.

Photo Credit: Jeannie Dees

Step 3: Add Bleach Mixture to Your Tank and Fill It Up

Now that you have completed step two and you have calculated how much bleach you will need to sanitize your fresh water tank, it’s time to pour it in.

Warning: never pour undiluted bleach into your water tank! Mix the bleach with water before pouring it into your fresh water tank. Many RVers use a clean one-gallon jug, pitcher, or small bucket with a spout for the bleach and water mixture.

Photo Credit: Jeannie Dees

Getting the bleach and water mixture into your fresh water tank can sometimes be a trick. To keep from spilling bleach all over the side of your rig and on yourself, use a commercially made or homemade funnel.

To make a homemade funnel, simply use a disposable water bottle with part of one side cut out and the spout intact. You then put the spout of the water bottle into the fresh water inlet to your rig with the cut-out side facing up and pour the bleach mixture into the cut out part of the water bottle.

It will easily drain into your fresh water tank through the spout of the water bottle. Other RVers simply use a plant watering can with a small spout that will fit into the fresh water inlet.

Now you can fill up the rest of your fresh water tank with clean water.

Step 4: Run Chlorinated Water Through Your System and Let It Sit

After your RV clean water tank is full, turn on your water pump and open your faucets, both the cold and hot side. Let the water run until you can smell bleach coming out of each faucet. This ensures that the bleach solution has run all the way throughout your fresh water system.

Now turn off all the faucets and let the bleach solution sit in the fresh water system for at least five hours, but no more than 10 hours. Many RVers choose to do this step while they sleep. Just be sure you have enough drinking water to drink and cook with the following morning.

If you feel inclined, you can even drive your RV around the block to give every part of your fresh water system a good splash of bleach solution using the motion of the RV.

Step 5: Drain and Flush Your RV Fresh Water System

The last part in the process is to drain the remaining bleach solution out of your fresh water tank into your holding tanks, and refill your fresh water tank to flush out the rest of the bleach solution.

This is best done by continuing to run your faucets until you have drained your RV fresh water tank. Do not allow this solution to drain onto the ground but only into your waste tanks and then into a sewer hookup.

Continue refilling your RV fresh water tank and running your faucets until you can no longer smell bleach. When you no longer smell bleach, you can fill up your fresh water tank completely with clean water or empty it once again if you plan to leave your RV sit unused for more than a week.

If you happen to be in an RV park that’s on a septic system, please ask if it’s ok for you to dump the bleach solution down into their system. You don’t want to be that person who ruins their septic system.

Can You Sanitize Your RV Water Tank Without Bleach?

If you are not comfortable using bleach, you can use vinegar or hydrogen peroxide when cleaning the water tank in your RV. However, unless each is heated to 130 degrees Fahrenheit, they will not be as effective as bleach at killing bacteria in a contaminated RV fresh water tank.

Another option is to use a commercially available product that was created to sanitize RV fresh water tanks. Be sure to use it as directed for best results.


Learning how to sanitize your RV fresh water tank isn’t difficult, and doing it doesn’t take much time or effort to get the peace of mind of having clean, fresh water in your RV for you and your family. A few supplies, some time, and patience are all you need for the regular upkeep of your RV’s fresh water system.

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Jeannie Dees

Jeannie Dees has been a full-time RVer for four years. Jeannie retired early from teaching to pursue the nomadic life with her husband, Erick Young. Work camping has been a new experience for them both, but living an adventurous life is not. They love to explore new places and meet new people here at home and abroad, and are always excited for what’s around the next bend.

6 Responses to “How To Sanitize Your RV Fresh Water Tank (Plus How Often You Should Do It)

  • tom phipps
    1 month ago

    I have been adding a bottle of cleaning strength vinegar to both black and grey tanks while underway. Seems to help. No oder or other stuff detected.

    • Jeannie Dees
      1 month ago

      While we focus on RV fresh water tanks in this article, this is a great idea for keeping black and gray tanks cleaner. Thanks for the tip!

  • Many members now have RVs with AquaHot.or HydroHot.

    It would be worth mentioning that bleach causes permanent damage to these units. Very expensive damage.

  • We use a 5 gallon bottle for our coffee and water ( dog.. drinking). Fresh water in holding tank is use for toilet,, shower.. washing dishes

  • Rick Kramer
    2 weeks ago

    Great article. Remember to drain the outside shower water lines so the “yuck” in there doesn’t creep back through the system. Imagine what’s in there!! I don’t think I’ve used mine in 3 years.

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